Three Types of People according to Quran

1046

By Dr Humayun


As Allah SBT says guidance is for muttaqee
But on earth there are three categories of people according to Quran ,
1. believer Aya 3-5, believer
2. non believer 6-7,
3. people who say they are believer but they are not (hypocrites etc) Aya 8-20

There’s brief description of these people in these Aya, so start
Aya no :3
الذين يؤمنون بألغيب ويقيمون الصلوة ومما رزقنا هم ينفقون
The people who believe in unseen and keep the prayers and spent what has been provided to them

I got stuck on this Aya and started what can I understand from this aya
First is believe in unseen , is it easy to do it, I personally feel, it’s the most difficult thing, because of human nature that I will do only those things which I think are going to be beneficial to me , and two senses which are more important which help me in decision making are

a; Seeing
b; listening

Then others ;smelling, tactile etc
Allah is saying believe in unseen, and if you go through Quran it becomes clear why it is important not to see him.

My life is prime example of this, once I believe in something, then I have to prove to myself and world by achieving my target what I believe in. Achievement of my target is only, only and the only way to show what I believe in.

So if I am successful then others will follow and give example
Will give you a human nature example to believe in what we see from Qur’an
Surah 7 al-Araf aya no 143

ولما جاء موسى ليمقاتن وكلمه و ربه و قال رب ارنى انظر إليك ،
And when Musa(PBUH)came to the appointed time and place and his Rub spoke to him, he said Oh my Lord show me so that I can look at you
I have written only part of this ayah to convey my point, that it is human nature to believe in what we see
I have not written the whole ayah, but for your own interest read the whole of it and end of the Aya is
فلما آفاق قال سبحانك تبت إليك وانا اول المؤمنين
When he returned to his senses, he said glory be to you, I turn to you in repentance and I am the first to believe
I personally feel this is not the question from a prophet , this is a human being question too
I asked the explanation of this Aya from my daughter that why Allah (SBT) didn’t show himself to Musa (PBUH), she replied that then it would have been the desire of everyone to see Allah (SBT)before believing him
Also it would have looked a discriminatory action, if it had happened, this is my feeling
So as a believer I have to keep my prayers and spend what has been given to me
Aya 4
والذين يؤمنون بما انزل إليك وما انزل من قبلك وبالخرة هم يوقنون
And they believe in what has been sent to you and the one before you and believe in hereafter with certainty
To believe in with certainty that I will be resurrected and will face the day of judgement
Again very very tough . Will give you an other example from Qur’an
Aya no 260
وإذ قال ابراهيم رب ارنى كيف تحى الموتى ،قال أولم تؤمن ، قال بلا ولكن ليطمئن قلبى ،قال فخذ أربعة من الطير فصرهن إليك ثم اجعل على كل جبل منهن جزءًا ثم ادعهن يأتينك سعياً واعلم انالله عزيز حكيم
And when Ibrahim (PBUH) said my Lord show me,how do you give life to dead , Allah(SBT)said do you not believe, Ibrahim(PBUH) said yes, but to satisfy my heart , Allah(SBT) said take four birds,make them to incline towards you, and then put a portion of them on every hill and call them, they will come to you in haste and know that Allah is All mighty, All wise
Again note that who is asking and what’s he asking, my explanation is that Ibrahim(PBUH)
who was declared by Allah(SBT) his friend, asking this question does not make a sense to me , and Allah (SBT)says that do you not believe, then reply of Ibrahim (PBUH) to satisfy my self
I feel this is human nature and this question was asked by Ibrahim(PBUH) as a human not as a prophet .
So in short there are two very difficult actions which are against the human nature I have to show by actions that I believe in them
Until and unless I am very clear about those,I can’t be a believer at all , because these are
preliminary requirements of belief. Allah (SBT)has given very beautiful and logical explanation
of these two questions from Aya 21-29 . I will come back after the introduction of 3 human beings
Aya no:5
أولئك على هدى من ربهم وأولئك هم المفلحون
They are the only one who are on guidance from their Lord and they are the only one who are successful
So everyone success depends upon the belief in this world and the hereafter
Next is non believers introduction
Aya no:6
ان الذين كفرو سواء عليهم ءانذرتهم ام لم
تنذرهم لا يؤمنون
The people who cover the truth whether you warn them or not they will not believe
I have used the word, (cover the truth instead of non believer )as it has been used in the translation of Qur’an , as non believer is more appropriate but if we follow the next part which is the introduction of Allah(SBT) from Aya 21-29 , you will appreciate it more, as the route of كافر is كفر and meaning of it is to cover the truth, as Allah (SBT) is the biggest truth of this world, any body who denies this is called كافر (the one who covers/denies the truth)
You and I have found that majority of people who we think are non believers are actually agnostics not atheists, when someone can talk to them with some logic , will come to this point inshaallah when I will discuss next part from aya 21-29
My simple logic behind is , Allah wants to guide everyone who he has created , so it’s the person who has been given not only the knowledge but wisdom are the best people to talk to them, if they want to
Next aya explains why it’s difficult to talk to them
Aya no:7
ختم الله على قلوبهم وعلى صمعهم وعلى ابصارهم غشوة ولهم عذاب عظيم
On their hearts and ears there’s is seal and on their eyes there’s is covering and for them there’s great punishment
Looking at the meaning of this Aya, there’s is a philosophical concept behind it, is there a physical seal and cover on them , answer is no, then what’s that seal then , my understanding is that , they will not be convinced by any argument. I have come across very few people who will not accept the logical argument, they are not clear about the true concept of belief
My concept is that as human has the independence (which he asked himself to have it)to accept or reject any thing , he /she has been given two options, selection of good and bad, as explained in
Surah 91 ash shams aya no is 8
فألهمها فجورها وتقوها
Then showed him what is wrong for him and what’s right for him
As it’s obvious everyone has a genetic message for both good and bad, so once I keep doing bad and keep denying the obvious facts ,Allah(SBT) then causes malfunctioning of those genes which guide me to the good
Next is the introduction of people who say they are believer but they are not, they are the most dangerous people on the earth, will continue inshaallah next week