By Dr Humayun
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Human beings division
As Allah SBT says guidance is for muttaqee and I did explain who is muttaqee. As Quran is the Book for humanity, there are three categories of people on the earth according to Quran ,
1: Believer Aya 3-5, believer
2: Non believer 6-7,
3: People who say they are believer but they are not (hypocrites etc) Aya 8-20
There’s brief description of these people in these Aya, so start
الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ
The people who believe in unseen and keep the prayers and spent what has been provided to them
I got stuck on this Aya and started what can I understand from this aya.
First is to believe in unseen , is it easy to do it, I personally feel, it’s the most difficult thing, because of human nature that I will do only those things which I think are going to be beneficial to me , and two senses which are more important which help me in decision making are
Then others ; smelling, tactile etc
Allah is saying believe in unseen ,and if you go through Quran it becomes clear why it is important not to see him.
My life is prime example of this, once I believe in something, then I have to prove to myself and world by achieving my target what I believe in. Achievement of my target is only, only and the only way to show what I believe in.
So if I am successful then others will follow and give example of my achievements, depending upon the importance of it.
We read the books and fancy to follow the people who are successful according to the definition of success by ourselves.
Will give you a human nature example to believe in what we see from Qur’an
Surah 7 al-A’raaf
Aya no 143
وَلَمَّا جَاءَ مُوسَىٰ لِمِيقَاتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ رَبُّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِي أَنظُرْ إِلَيْكَ ۚ قَالَ لَن تَرَانِي وَلَٰكِنِ انظُرْ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ فَإِنِ اسْتَقَرَّ مَكَانَهُ فَسَوْفَ تَرَانِي ۚ فَلَمَّا تَجَلَّىٰ رَبُّهُ لِلْجَبَلِ جَعَلَهُ دَكًّا وَخَرَّ مُوسَىٰ صَعِقًا ۚ فَلَمَّا أَفَاقَ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
And when Musa(PBUH)came to the appointed time and place and his Rub spoke to him, he said Oh my Lord show me so that I can look at you. Allah SBT said no you can’t see Me, but look at the mountain, if it stays in place still then you can see Me. So when his Lord appeared on mountain , He made it collapse to dust and Moses PBUM fell unconscious. When he returned to his senses, he said glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first to believe.
I personally feel this is not the question from a prophet , this is a human beings question and the believer want to see his/ her creator.
I asked the explanation of this Aya from my daughter that why Allah (SBT) didn’t show himself to Musa (PBUH), she replied that then it would have been the desire of everyone to see Allah (SBT)before believing him.
Also it would have looked a discriminatory action, if it had happened, this is my feeling
So as a believer I have to keep my prayers and spend what has been given to me.
وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ
And they believe in what has been sent to you and the one before you and believe in hereafter with certainty.
To believe in with certainty that I will be resurrected and will face the day of judgement
Again very very tough . Will give you an other example from Qur’an.
Aya no 260
وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ ۖ قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُؤْمِن ۖ قَالَ بَلَىٰ وَلَٰكِن لِّيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبِي ۖ قَالَ فَخُذْ أَرْبَعَةً مِّنَ الطَّيْرِ فَصُرْهُنَّ إِلَيْكَ ثُمَّ اجْعَلْ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ جَبَلٍ مِّنْهُنَّ جُزْءًا ثُمَّ ادْعُهُنَّ يَأْتِينَكَ سَعْيًا ۚ وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ
And when Ibrahim (PBUH) said my Lord show me,how do you give life to dead , Allah(SBT)said do you not believe, Ibrahim(PBUH) said yes, but to satisfy my heart , Allah(SBT) said take four birds,make them to incline towards you, and then put a portion of them on every hill and call them, they will come to you in haste and know that Allah is All mighty, All wise.
Again note that who is asking and what’s he asking, my explanation is that Ibrahim(PBUH)
who was declared by Allah(SBT) his friend, asking this question does not make a sense to me , and Allah (SBT)says that do you not believe, of course he was a believer, then reply of Ibrahim (PBUH) to satisfy my self.
I feel this is human nature and this question was asked by Ibrahim(PBUH) as a human not as a prophet. So believe in with certainty is very difficult to achieve.
So in short there are two very difficult actions which are against the human nature . I have to show by actions that I believe in them.
Until and unless I am very clear about those,I can’t be a believer at all , because these are
preliminary requirements of belief. Allah (SBT)has given very beautiful and logical explanation of these two questions from Aya 21-29 . I will come back after the introduction of 3 human beings
أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
They are the only one who are on guidance from their Lord and they are the only one who are successful.
So everyone success depends upon the belief in this world and the hereafter
Next is non believers introduction.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنذِرْهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ
The people who cover the truth whether you warn them or not they will not believe.
I have used the word, (cover the truth instead of non believer )as it has been used in the translation of Qur’an , as non believer is more appropriate but if we follow the next part which is the introduction of Allah(SBT) from Aya 21-29 , you will appreciate it more, as the route of كافر is كفر and meaning of it is to cover the truth, as Allah (SBT) is the biggest truth of this world, any body who denies this is called كافر (the one who covers/denies the truth)
You and I have found that majority of people who we think are non believers are actually agnostics not atheists, when someone can talk to them with some logic , will come to this point inshaallah when I will discuss next part from aya 21-29.
My simple logic behind is , Allah wants to guide everyone who he has created , so it’s the person who has been given not only the knowledge but wisdom are the best people to talk to them, if they want to.
Next aya explains why it’s difficult to talk to them
خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِمْ ۖ وَعَلَىٰ أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
On their hearts and ears there’s is seal and on their eyes there’s is covering and for them there’s great punishment.
Looking at the meaning of this Aya, there’s is a philosophical concept behind it, is there a physical seal and cover on them , answer is no, then what’s that seal then , my understanding is that , they will not be convinced by any argument. I have come across very few people who will not accept the logical argument, they are not clear about the true concept of belief.
My concept is that as human has the independence (which he asked himself to have it)to accept or reject any thing , he /she has been given two options, selection of good and bad, as explained in.
Surah 91 ash shams
Aya no is 8
فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا
Then showed him what is wrong for him and what’s right for him
As it’s obvious everyone has a genetic message for both good and bad, so once I keep doing bad and keep denying the obvious facts , Allah(SBT) then causes malfunctioning of those genes which guide me to the good . This is not the physical damage, it’s behavior that is changed and will discuss the division of human beings by behavior later.
Next is the introduction of people who say they are believer but they are not, they are the most dangerous people on the earth, will continue Inshaallah.